How Unemployment Can Complicate the Bankruptcy Means Test - John Orcutt North Carolina Bankruptcy Blog - Job Loss Can Skew Chapter 7 Eligibility Skip to main content

You are here

How Unemployment Can Complicate the Bankruptcy Means Test


North Carolina unemployment rates

Some areas of North Carolina are experiencing very high unemployment rates.

Image source:

Being in an overwhelming amount of debt is difficult. Losing your job is difficult. When the two occur simultaneously, it can set off a perfect storm of financial troubles. If you’re in an area where unemployment is rampant or your field is plagued by a lack of job opportunities, you may be facing months of joblessness.

If you were already deep in debt when you lost your job, this may be the time to consider whether bankruptcy can be a viable option for you to keep your family head above water until you get another job. Filing for bankruptcy is complicated enough under any circumstances, but more so when you’ve lost a job. How so? Read on.

Means Test

The Means Test determines whether you are eligible for Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy protection. The finer points of the income requirements vary by state but overall, you will be judged on two main criteria. First is whether your current monthly income is at or below the average household of the same size and varies by state. You can check out North Carolina’s income limits by clicking here.

If the first criterion is met, you automatically qualify for Chapter 7 and don’t have to face the other criteria. However, if your income is more than the average household, you must show that you have very little disposable income. If it's found that you do have sufficient disposable income to pay your bills, you won't qualify for Chapter 7 which may be the best option for an unemployed debtor.

North Carolina historical unemployment rates

North Carolina has long had higher unemployment than the US on average.

Image source:

How Unemployment Can Skew the Test

Your income from the Means Test is an average of the last six months of pay. If you lost your job recently, your past wages will make it look as though you have more income than you currently do. And if you received a severance package, that could inflate the calculation even more and possibly render you ineligible for Chapter 7. But the North Carolina courts are often sympathetic to the jobless and may take this into consideration. In the case of severance, you’ll have to explain how it was spent.

Worst Case - Bankruptcy Conversion

If your Means Test was skewed by your job loss, you may be able to initially file a Chapter 13 and then convert it to Chapter 7 if your attorney can convince the court and your Trustee that you're financially eligible due to your reduced income. You may not be subject to the Means Test to convert your case. North Carolina is one of the states that treats unemployment income as exempt for bankruptcy purposes. Should you still be subjected to the Means Test, this will act in your favor.

While unemployment can complicate your bankruptcy filing, the bankruptcy court is often sympathetic to this circumstance. To find out more about bankruptcy during unemployment and whether you qualify for a Chapter 7 to help shed debt that you can’t afford now that you’re jobless, contact the law offices of John T Orcutt. We are experts in North Carolina bankruptcy and offer a no obligation free consultation to all new clients. Call now.

Debts Hurt! Got debt? Need help? Get started below!

What North Carolina County Do You Reside In?